Effects of Urea-Molasses Multi-nutrient Blocks (UMMB) Supplementation on Some Production Parameters of Lactating Horro Cows at Horro Guduru Animal Production and Research Center, Western Ethiopia

Effects of Urea-Molasses Multi-nutrient Blocks (UMMB) Supplementation on Some Production Parameters of Lactating Horro Cows at Horro Guduru Animal Production and Research Center, Western Ethiopia

Tesfaye Amene1, Mengistu Urge2, Mitiku Eshetu2, Diriba Diba3 1 Department of Animal, Range Sciences, College of Agriculture, Natural Resource Management, Mada Walabu University, P.O. Box: 247, Bale Robe, Ethiopia 2 School of Animal, Range Sciences, College of Agriculture, Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box: 138, Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia 3 Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Wollega University, P.O. Box: 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia: Effects of Different Proportions of Dried Cafeteria Leftover Inclusion in a Concentrate Mix on Performance of Growing Pigs. In: Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 5 (1), pp. 27-34, 2016, ISSN: 2226-7522 (Print) and 2305-3372 (Online).

Abstract

Abstract Article Information
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of inclusion of dried Cafeteria leftover
(DCLO) at various levels in concentrate mix (CM) on feed intake, digestibility, average daily
gain (ADG), feed conversion ratio (FCR), carcass characteristics, and economic benefits of
weaned pigs at Haramaya university piggery. Twenty Yorkshire pigs with initial live weight of
19.89±0.297kg (mean±SE) were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments in a completely
randomized block design each with five replicates. The experimental rations were sole CM
(mixture of maize grain, wheat short, wheat bran, noug seed cake, soybean mill, vitamin
premix and salt), replacement of the concentrate with DCLO at different proportions as
(33%CM and 67% DCLO; 67% CM and 33% DCLO) and feeding with only sole DCLO. The
mean feed intake ranged 1.6-1.82kg/day and ADG was 0.4-0.64kg/day. The least feed intake
was for sole DCLO (P<0.05) and the highest for 67% CM:33%DCLO. The FCR (w/w) was
lowest (P<0.05) for pigs fed 33% DCLO diet, and pigs fed 67% DCLO:33%CM achieved
highest FCR. Crude protein digestibility did not differ between treatments, but DM, EE and CF
digestibility increased with increasing level of DCLO in the diets. The mean carcass weight
(43.7kg-57.02kg) was highest in 67% CM but lowest in sole DCLO. Back fat thickness (2.4cm-
3.2cm (SEM=±0.03)) was lowest in sole CM but highest in sole DCLO. The highest and
lowest (P<0.05) rib eye area (23.9 cm2-31.9cm2 (SEM=±0.81)) were recorded for sole CM and
sole DCLO, respectively. Cost of feed per kg weight gain was declined significantly (P<0.01)
with increasing level of DCLO. Despite the lower production cost of sole DCLO groups, the
pigs showed lower performance and this must have contributed to lowest net return of the
groups. Thus, it is concluded that DCLO can replace the conventional concentrate mix up to
67% without adverse effect on pig performance.
Article History:
Received : 02-10-2016
Revised : 24-12-2016
Accepted : 26-12-2016
Keywords:
Carcass
Digestibility
Live Weight Gain
Nutritive Value
Profitability
*Corresponding Author:
Tesfaye Amene
E-mail:
tesfuam@gmail.com
Copyright@2016 STAR Journal, Wollega University. All Rights Reserved

BibTeX (Download)

@article{v5i1.2016,
title = {Effects of Different Proportions of Dried Cafeteria Leftover Inclusion in a Concentrate Mix on Performance of Growing Pigs},
author = {Tesfaye Amene1, Mengistu Urge2, Mitiku Eshetu2 and Diriba Diba3
1
Department of Animal and Range Sciences, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource Management,
Mada Walabu University, P.O. Box: 247, Bale Robe, Ethiopia
2
School of Animal and Range Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences,
Haramaya University, P.O. Box: 138, Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia
3
Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Wollega University, P.O. Box: 395, Nekemte,
Ethiopia},
url = {https://starjournal.org/170061-article-text-437148-1-10-20180420/},
doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/star.v5i1.4},
issn = {2226-7522 (Print) and 2305-3372 (Online)},
year  = {2016},
date = {2016-03-29},
journal = {Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal},
volume = {5},
number = {1},
pages = {27-34},
abstract = {Abstract Article Information
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of inclusion of dried Cafeteria leftover
(DCLO) at various levels in concentrate mix (CM) on feed intake, digestibility, average daily
gain (ADG), feed conversion ratio (FCR), carcass characteristics, and economic benefits of
weaned pigs at Haramaya university piggery. Twenty Yorkshire pigs with initial live weight of
19.89±0.297kg (mean±SE) were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments in a completely
randomized block design each with five replicates. The experimental rations were sole CM
(mixture of maize grain, wheat short, wheat bran, noug seed cake, soybean mill, vitamin
premix and salt), replacement of the concentrate with DCLO at different proportions as
(33%CM and 67% DCLO; 67% CM and 33% DCLO) and feeding with only sole DCLO. The
mean feed intake ranged 1.6-1.82kg/day and ADG was 0.4-0.64kg/day. The least feed intake
was for sole DCLO (P<0.05) and the highest for 67% CM:33%DCLO. The FCR (w/w) was
lowest (P<0.05) for pigs fed 33% DCLO diet, and pigs fed 67% DCLO:33%CM achieved
highest FCR. Crude protein digestibility did not differ between treatments, but DM, EE and CF
digestibility increased with increasing level of DCLO in the diets. The mean carcass weight
(43.7kg-57.02kg) was highest in 67% CM but lowest in sole DCLO. Back fat thickness (2.4cm-
3.2cm (SEM=±0.03)) was lowest in sole CM but highest in sole DCLO. The highest and
lowest (P<0.05) rib eye area (23.9 cm2-31.9cm2 (SEM=±0.81)) were recorded for sole CM and
sole DCLO, respectively. Cost of feed per kg weight gain was declined significantly (P<0.01)
with increasing level of DCLO. Despite the lower production cost of sole DCLO groups, the
pigs showed lower performance and this must have contributed to lowest net return of the
groups. Thus, it is concluded that DCLO can replace the conventional concentrate mix up to
67% without adverse effect on pig performance.
Article History:
Received : 02-10-2016
Revised : 24-12-2016
Accepted : 26-12-2016
Keywords:
Carcass
Digestibility
Live Weight Gain
Nutritive Value
Profitability
*Corresponding Author:
Tesfaye Amene
E-mail:
tesfuam@gmail.com
Copyright@2016 STAR Journal, Wollega University. All Rights Reserved},
keywords = {STAR},
pubstate = {published},
tppubtype = {article}
}

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