Study on Gastro Intestinal Parasite of Cattle at Horoguduru Animal Production and Research Center of Wollega University, Oromia, Ethiopia

Study on Gastro Intestinal Parasite of Cattle at Horoguduru Animal Production and Research Center of Wollega University, Oromia, Ethiopia

Belay Beyene* Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Wollega University, Shambu Campus, P.O. Box: 38, Shambu, Ethiopia: Study on Gastro Intestinal Parasite of Cattle at Horoguduru Animal Production and Research Center of Wollega University, Oromia, Ethiopia. In: Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 5 (1), pp. 46-50, 2016, ISSN: 2226-7522 (Print) and 2305-3372 (Online).

Abstract

Abstract Article Information
Cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of gastro intestinal
parasite and protozoan emeria, to determine the common risk factor and to identify the
commonly existing parasitic eggs at Horoguduru animal production and research center of
Wollega University. To determine the sample size, an expected prevalence of 50% was taken
into consideration since there was no research work on gastro intestinal parasitic eggs at the
center. 384 animals’ fecal samples were collected directly from the rectum of cattle into a
universal bottle containing 10% formalin and transported to the laboratory for examination.
Carpological examination was done at Wollega University Shambu campus animal science
and, food and nutrition department. Coprological examinations were made within 12 hours
after sample collection. Eggs of nematode, cestode and trimatodes were identified. In this
study egg of paramphistomum, fasciola, haemonchus, strongylus and monezia are the
commonly identified eggs by floatation and sedimentation techniques. Sedimentation
technique was used to detect the presence of fluke eggs in the fecal samples. The result
showed that the overall prevalence of gastro intestinal parasite is 133/384 (34.6%).The result
showed that the prevalence were 27.8% in young age group, 40% in adult age group and
35.4% in old age group. The result also reported that the prevalence of the parasite was
48/86(55.81%) in cross breed and 85/298(28.5%) in local breed. The study depicted that the
prevalence of the parasitic egg are 88/219(40.18%) in female animals and 45/165 (27.27%)
in male animals. In this study from the total of 134 infected animals 85/134(63%) were
infected by single infection and49/134 (36.57%) were infected at least with two different
genera of gastro intestinal and protozoan parasites. The prevalence of eggs of each single
infection were Paramphistomum 27/85(31.76%), Fasciola 17/85(20%), Ascaris
15/85(17.95%), Monezia 9/85(10.59%), Tricuris 7/85(8.24%), Strongyloid types 6/85(7.06%),
Haemonchus 2/85(2.53%), and 1/85(1.18%) of Nematodurous and Emeria It also showed
that from the total of multiple infections 9/49(18.36%) was infected with three types of
parasitic genera and 40/49 (81.63%) were infected with two different genera. In conclusion
separate grazing land for young animals (calves), separate Water and feed trough for
different age category and risk factors based strategic deworming were recommended.
Article History:
Received : 05-01-2016
Revised : 24-03-2016
Accepted : 28-03-2016
Keywords:
Gastro intestinal parasite
Carpological examination
Prevalence
Protozoan emeria
Fecal samples
*Corresponding Author:
Belay Beyene
E-mail:
belaybwak@gmail.com

BibTeX (Download)

@article{v5i1.72016,
title = {Study on Gastro Intestinal Parasite of Cattle at Horoguduru Animal Production and Research Center of Wollega University, Oromia, Ethiopia},
author = {Belay Beyene*
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Wollega University, Shambu Campus,
P.O. Box: 38, Shambu, Ethiopia},
url = {https://starjournal.org/5-1-7-2/},
doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/star.v5i1.7},
issn = {2226-7522 (Print) and 2305-3372 (Online)},
year  = {2016},
date = {2016-03-29},
journal = {Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal},
volume = {5},
number = {1},
pages = {46-50},
abstract = {Abstract Article Information
Cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of gastro intestinal
parasite and protozoan emeria, to determine the common risk factor and to identify the
commonly existing parasitic eggs at Horoguduru animal production and research center of
Wollega University. To determine the sample size, an expected prevalence of 50% was taken
into consideration since there was no research work on gastro intestinal parasitic eggs at the
center. 384 animals’ fecal samples were collected directly from the rectum of cattle into a
universal bottle containing 10% formalin and transported to the laboratory for examination.
Carpological examination was done at Wollega University Shambu campus animal science
and, food and nutrition department. Coprological examinations were made within 12 hours
after sample collection. Eggs of nematode, cestode and trimatodes were identified. In this
study egg of paramphistomum, fasciola, haemonchus, strongylus and monezia are the
commonly identified eggs by floatation and sedimentation techniques. Sedimentation
technique was used to detect the presence of fluke eggs in the fecal samples. The result
showed that the overall prevalence of gastro intestinal parasite is 133/384 (34.6%).The result
showed that the prevalence were 27.8% in young age group, 40% in adult age group and
35.4% in old age group. The result also reported that the prevalence of the parasite was
48/86(55.81%) in cross breed and 85/298(28.5%) in local breed. The study depicted that the
prevalence of the parasitic egg are 88/219(40.18%) in female animals and 45/165 (27.27%)
in male animals. In this study from the total of 134 infected animals 85/134(63%) were
infected by single infection and49/134 (36.57%) were infected at least with two different
genera of gastro intestinal and protozoan parasites. The prevalence of eggs of each single
infection were Paramphistomum 27/85(31.76%), Fasciola 17/85(20%), Ascaris
15/85(17.95%), Monezia 9/85(10.59%), Tricuris 7/85(8.24%), Strongyloid types 6/85(7.06%),
Haemonchus 2/85(2.53%), and 1/85(1.18%) of Nematodurous and Emeria It also showed
that from the total of multiple infections 9/49(18.36%) was infected with three types of
parasitic genera and 40/49 (81.63%) were infected with two different genera. In conclusion
separate grazing land for young animals (calves), separate Water and feed trough for
different age category and risk factors based strategic deworming were recommended.
Article History:
Received : 05-01-2016
Revised : 24-03-2016
Accepted : 28-03-2016
Keywords:
Gastro intestinal parasite
Carpological examination
Prevalence
Protozoan emeria
Fecal samples
*Corresponding Author:
Belay Beyene
E-mail:
belaybwak@gmail.com},
keywords = {STAR},
pubstate = {published},
tppubtype = {article}
}

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